Nature doesn’t need humans, but we have inflicted so much damage on the environment that if humans were removed from the planet tomorrow, the oceans will still experience a regime shift, and we will still have catastrophic climate change.
We have focused on carbon as the solution for climate change, but it is only part of the problem, and maybe even just a small part. Water vapour pressure and biogenic aerosol formation from the ocean SML layer could be responsible for as much as 80% of climate disruption.
Countries most at risk are those that are impacted by atmospheric pollution and loss of the SML, so all countries around the Mediterranean, the Arctic and Antarctic, high latitude countries, South America New Zealand, Australia. The climate disruption will be droughts, no clouds, high humidity, high pressure, followed by torrential downpours and strong winds of up to 200km/hr that just last for maybe 20 minutes.
Countries subject to aerosol pollution from the burning of coal or trees, for example the horrific torrential floods in Pakistan were blamed on climate change, they were more likely to have been caused by atmospheric pollution from China.
Unless we stop the cycle, the extremes will become more and more violent.
We argue about climate change and carbon mitigation and do nothing to reduce the burning of fossil fuels. We monitor and analyse air, water and soil quality but do nothing to reduce pollution. At the Ocean conference in Paris in 2018, the top statement was that we are doing and excellent job at monitoring the destruction of the ocean ecosystem.
All life on earth depends upon the marine environment, but unless we start to clean up the mess, the oceans will collapse within the next 10 to 20 years then humanity is finished. We report on some of the solutions on our website at; https://lnkd.in/eQeaA6UK
The relationship between climate disruption and biodiversity is explained in our peer reviewed published report;
When wastewater is discharge into a river or directly into the sea, the belief by many is that the waste has been safely discharged. However many pathogenic bacteria, the most toxic of chemicals and microplastic float in the surface micro layer SML of the ocean. The SML is 1mm thick, it covers 100% of the worlds oceans and 71% of the planet.
The SML surface layer has 500 times higher concentration of chemicals, bacteria, plastic particles and partially combusted carbon than the underlying water.
Sea spray aerosols are responsible for 80% of cloud formation by nucleating water vapour. The smell of the sea used to be a marine plankton called a coccolithophore, now the smell of the ocean is pollution. When aerosols are formed by bubbles bursting through the SML layer, the airborne aerosols are contaminated by everything that was in the SML layer.
Pathogenic bacteria, plastic and toxic chemicals are returned back to land, to contaminated all plants, agriculture, water supplies and our atmosphere. The suffering, and cost implications to public health and societies is difficult to quantify. For small rural communities it has been estimated that for every dollar spent on sanitation, the return is 20 fold. It is likely to be a similar number of even greater for high income countries, but the cause and effect are further apart, so it is not considered.
Pollution now causes more deaths than all wars, and infectious diseases combined (from Lancet Planetary Health Report)
96% of all mammals on the planet by mass are now humans, stated in a presentation by Attenborough 4 years ago needs to be repeated.
Humanity controls and regulates nature, but mostly we destroy by habitat destruction and toxic chemicals. Humanity has wiped out more life than the meteorite that slammed into the Gulf of Mexico 66 million years ago, but our future still depends upon nature.
Carbon mitigation is important, but it is also insignificant in relation to the damage we are inflicting on nature. Our future still depends upon nature and I refer to the microscope life of plants and animals that live in our Oceans, the plankton. They control our atmosphere and more than 80% of our weather, but we are also poisoning the oceans with plastic and toxic chemicals, and we seem to be fixated on carbon as being our savior, but it is now part of the problem.
All of nature on land and marine life in the oceans are connected in a complex web, we need to regenerate nature and increase biodiversity if we are going to have any chance of survival over the next few decades. With 96% of mammals humans and 70% of birds domesticated chickens, we are a long way from a diverse ecosystem.
About 99.82% of the global land area is exposed to levels of particulate matter 2.5 (PM2.5) — tiny particles in the air that are linked to lung cancer and heart disease — above the safety limit recommended by the Word Health Organization, according to the study published in Lancet Planetary Health.
And only 0.001% of the world’s population breathes in air that is considered acceptable.
Everything in the air ends up on the land and in our drinking water. Particles that land on the sea float on the surface and attract toxic lipophilic chemicals in the surface SML layer. The SML layer forms aerosols which nucleate clouds to form rainwater. Rainwater all over the world now contains the particles with added chemicals absorbed from water pollution of the oceans. This is probably responsible for up to 80% of climate change, but it is almost totally ignored and is not being addressed.
There is no way we can stop catastrophic climate change by carbon mitigation alone.
The second largest coral reef in the world is rapidly being destroyed.
I wonder when they will make the connection between chemical and particle pollution to disease and bleaching. Sargassum caused by eutrophication from Brasil and South Africa also have a major impact with regards to causing arsenic and heavy metal pollution..
All of the answers are there, and solutions are ready, but it is still blamed on climate change, for which carbon mitigation on its own is not a solution.
Over 100 million sharks are killed every year as by-catch or just for their fins to make soup.
The survival of all marine life depends upon top level predators to keep the system in balance, yet we systematically destroy sharks, dolphins and whales. Over 20,000 dolphins were killed in the Bay of Biscay every year as a by catch, now they are largely gone.
Humanity depends upon healthy marine life, but we are rapidly approaching the end point. We are 100% not going to stop climate change by carbon mitigation alone, unless we start to regenerate nature on land and marine life in the oceans. Humanity is linked to the oceans, if we destroy the oceans then we can not survive.
A Prof from Harbour Branch Oceanographic Institute In Florida reporting on a mass of Sargassum twice the width of the USA heading to Florida from the Caribbean.
The main issues reported….. it might upset Spring break and tourism……. Give is a break!
The Sargassum caused by pollution from Brazil and Africa and fed by inputs from the Caribbean, can double in mass everyday 10 days. Once it has used up all the nutrient such as phosphate, nitrates, and trace nutrients, the natural flora, phytoplankton that are the root of the Atlantic food chain are deprived. This leads to a crash in zooplanktonic animals, fish, birds and whales. The impact to the ecosystem is colossal. When we crossed the Atlantic last year in s/v Copepod, there were less than 1 zooplankton in 80 litres of water, there should have been at least 1 in every litre of water. When we reported on this last year, we were reported as being alarmist, well it’s started. The alkalinity of the water will be reduced, there will be a drop in pH and there could well be a localised cascade reaction. By localised I mean right across the Atlantic Ocean between 15 to 30 deg North and South.
Once the Sargassum has used up all the phosphate it starts to take Arsenic and heavy metals out of the oceanic water. When the Sargassum decomposes in Mangroves and on beaches of the Caribbean, arsenic is released back into the water, killing life in the Mangroves and coral reefs. These habitats are the breeding grounds for 25% of all the fish in the Ocean.
We are witnessing the death of an Ocean, and all they are concerned about is Spring Break….
Cosmetics cause cancer, damage unborn foetus, destroy your skin and make you fat. It’s not just women, many men’s cosmetic products are just as bad.
Parabens (and oxybenzone) are EDCs endocrine (hormone) disrupting chemicals widely used as preservatives in the cosmetic, pharmaceuticals, and food industries because of their antimicrobial properties. We are paying for the huge profits of cosmetic companies, in pain suffering and early death.
When Oxybenzone is exposed to sunlight it changes the wavelength of short wavelength UV light to a longer wavelength. The energy released by the process generates free radicals of oxygen, peroxide, percarbonate and perchloride,
The free radicals have 10 times higher oxidation potential than bleach and will kill all bacteria. The free radicals will also oxidise and age your skin and is the reason why all UV screens are very, very toxic. The best and safest option is a sunblock that just stops the light from reaching your skin. Sun blocks usually contain Zinc Oxide or Titanium Dioxide, do not use the products containing nanoparticles.